A Study On Medication Adherence In Patients With Diabetes Mellitus Along With Hypertension

Research Article
Kolla Navya Likitha, Venkateswarlu Konuru, Vemula Preeti, Kolagani Sindhu and Suresh Bandari
Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Medication adherence, Morisky 8 item Medication Adherence Scale, Fasting blood sugar, Post prandial blood sugar.

The main objective of the study was to determine whether relationship exists between medication adherence and control of disease, to also evaluate probable reasons, risk factors for development of non adherence and to determine complications developed in patients with non adherence. A Cross-sectional study was carried out at multiple centers, Warangal. Patients visiting these clinics were enquired about the questions in Morisky 8 Item scale. Based on the score patients are divided into two groups with adherence and non adherence. In patients with non adherence reasons for non adherence were assessed. We determined the level of significance statistically using unpaired T test and also relative risks were calculated among risk factors and non adherence. Results and conclusion: In our study, around 1200 patients were reviewed and 449 patients were enrolled. Majority of non adherent patients fall under the age group of 25-50. Results showed that mean Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) and Post Lunch Blood Sugar (PLBS) levels were significantly higher in patients with non adherence. Poor adherence rate was found to negatively affect FBS, PLBS and Blood pressure control. Improving adherence holds a great potential to contribute to better health outcome and more effective chronic care management.