prevalence of knee osteoarthritis patients in mysore city, karnataka

Research Article
M.S. Radha* and M.R. Gangadhar
Knee Osteoarthritis, Body Mass Index, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, WOMAC scores

Osteoarthritis (OA), also often called ‘osteoarthrosis or ‘degenerative joint disease,’ is the most common form of arthritis. Prevalence of OA in India is reported to be in the range of 17-60.6%. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition which represents a major contribution to the burden of physical disability. Prevalence increases with age, so that about 11% of all women over the age of 60 years have symptoms due to knee OA. The study is to measure the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis patients and identification of risk factors were involved among the age group of 40 to 65 years in Mysore city and compare BMI, ESR and WOMAC criteria. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Sri. Krishna Rajendra Hospital, Mysore from June 2013 to May 2014. A total of 150 interviewed subjects referred having knee pain and clinically diagnosed by orthopaedic doctor and radiographically confirmed as Knee Osteoarthritis patient. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to estimate the prevalence and associated risk factors of Knee osteoarthritis. The data was analysed using SPSS windows 16.0.

The age of the population was 40 to 65years. About 46% of the patients having normal BMI and ESR were highest in the range of 50 and above mm/hr. The mean average of WOMAC score was highest in moderate while comparing to other scores. Knee Osteoarthritis is one of the most common rheumatologic problems. The risk factors of the disease are age, socio -economic status and regular activities etc. There is no clear published data available about the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis due to different types of defining of the disease.