Influence Of School Environment On Academic Achievement Of Students In Secondary Schools In Zone “A” Senatorial District Of Benue State, Nigeria

Research Article
Odeh. R. C, Oguche, O. Angelina and Ivagher, Ezekiel Dondo
School Environment, Academic Achievement, School Climate, Discipline and Physical Facilities

The importance of school environment in to of students in secondary schools today in particular cannot be overemphasized. This is because, school environment has tremendous influence in the quality of teaching students receives and the extent of attention they pay to lesson in school. This implies that schools that fail to provide the necessary learning facilities and create a conducive atmosphere for teaching and learning may hardly put in the best in their students especially in the area of academic achievement. This scenario has been among the reason for poor academic achievement of students in many primary schools in the study area. The main thrust of this paper is to investigate the influence of school environment on academic achievement of students in secondary schools in Zone “A” Senatorial District of Benue State, Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. A descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 1636 teachers from 119 secondary schools in Zone ‘A’ Senatorial District of Benue State. A sample of 250 teachers was used for the study. A 15-item structured questionnaire developed by the researchers titled “Influence of School Environment Questionnaire (ICTQ)” was used for data collection. Mean and standard deviations were used to answer the research questions, while chi-square (x2 ) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study indicated that school climate, discipline and physical facilities has significant influence on academic achievement of secondary school students in Zone ‘A’ Senatorial District of Benue State. Based on the findings of this study, the researchers recommended among others that appropriate school authorities should enable to provide a conducive school environment that has good climate for effective teaching and learning. Such environment should be safe, students treated fairly by teachers and happy to be in school as well as feel they are a part of the school.