Gastrointestinal Nematodiasis In A Captive Bred Critically Endangered Pygmy Hog (Porcula Salvania)

Research Article
Parikshit Kakati, Prabhat Chandra Sarmah, Kanta Bhattacharjee, Durlov Prasad Bora,Kankan Baruah and Parag Jyoti Deka
Pygmy Hog, Pygmy Hog Research and Breeding Centre, India, Ascarops strongylina, Ascarops dentata, Globocephalus urosubulatus, Capillaria sp.

Parasitological investigation at post mortem in a carcass of a critically endangered captive bred Pygmy hog (Porcula salvania).Post-mortem examination was conducted in the carcass and morphological studyof the nematode parasites recovered were carried out using available keys. Post mortem examination revealed four nematode species, two each in the stomach and the small intestine. Based on morphological study, the parasites recovered from the stomach were found indistinguishable from Ascarops strongylina and Ascarops dentata, while the other two found in the small intestine were identified as Globocephalus urosubulatus and Capillaria sp. There was presence of several small nodules resembling pimply gut throughout the small intestine presumed to be caused by G. urosubulatus. Findings of the present study form the first record of gastro-intestinal nematode parasites in critically endangered Pygmy hog. Further investigation to prepare a complete inventory of the parasites of this endangered pygmy hog similar to the documentations already made available for closely related domestic pigs and wild boars is suggested.