fluctuation of sex ratio in india with special reference to west bengal

Research Article
Anandita Dawn and Ranjan Basu
human development, female literacy, mean age of marriage, female foeticide, female infanticide

The study of sex ratio ventilates the demographic scenario of any nation. Its calculation is of prime importance for understanding the population structure and its peculiarities within any territorial area. Sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1,000 male population. According to Census of India, the general sex ratio in India in 2001 was 933 which have experienced an upward trend up to 940 in 2011. On the contrary, child sex ratio in the country has experienced a declining trend from 927 in 2001 to 919 in 2011. The State of West Bengal has experienced a positive increase in general sex ratio from 934 (2001) to 950 (2011) while the child sex ratio has declined from 960 (2001) to 955 (2011). This paper is an attempt to analyze the causes of such imbalances as well as to investigate the nature of regional disparities and impact of such disequilibrium upon society.