Assessment Of Periodontal Status Of Oncology Patients Visiting Cancer Treatment Institutes In Udaipur City. A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

Research Article
Arshdeep Singh., Harkiranjot Kaur., Gunjan Joshi., Manraj Singh and Harleen Kaur Sohi
Oral hygiene, Periodontal Health, Cancer Treatment.

Background- Oral diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis commonly remain undiagnosed in there earlier stages. Oral health is influenced by a number of general health diseases for e.g. Diabetes mellitus and Cancer. However the treatment modalities for cancer also negatively impact the normal structures along with the tumor. The present study was planned with an aim to access the periodontal health status of the oncology patients visiting cancer treatment institutes in Udaipur city. Material and Method- A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the periodontal status of onclogy patients visiting cancer treatment institutes in Udaipur city. 219 patients from the randomly selected institutes were included in the study. The periodontal status was recorded using the W.H.O 2013 C.P.I.T.N index and a questionnaire was recorded regarding oral health practices and adverse habits. Descriptive statistics included computation of percentages, means and standard deviations. The statistical tests applied for the analysis were Pearson’s chisquare test (2 ), One way Analysis of Variance and Stepwise multiple linear Regression analysis. For all tests, confidence interval and p-value were set at 95% and ≤ 0.05 respectively. ResultsAmong the 219 (138 males, 81 females) subjects with mean age of 47.29 ± 14.09 had a low oral hygiene awareness. Majority of the population which visited the dentist was due to pain i.e 70.77%. 79.90% were in habit of smoking cigarettes. Periodontal disease was confirmed in majority (63.47% p<0.05) of the patients. A loos of attachment of 4-6 mm and 6-8 mm was demonstrated by 94 (42.92%) and 62(28.31%) of the study subjects respectively. ConclusionPrevalence of periodontal disease was high. The unmet needs for treatment was also found to be high indicating a very poor awareness and availability of oral health care